Geography of Holocaust

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“The German invasion of Poland did not just mean camps for some Poles but also ghettos for almost all of the country’s Jews. The Holocaust, however, began not when Germany invaded Poland in 1939 but when Germany invaded the Soviet Union in July 1941.

Although this is not his main subject, Mr. Wachsmann ably relates how the pogroms and the shooting of some Jews in the summer of 1941 became a policy of total killing of Jews on Soviet territories by the end of the year—a policy extended in 1942 to occupied Poland and to all of occupied Europe. Auschwitz became the major site of the Holocaust only in 1943, as the Red Army advanced westward and first the death pits and then the other death facilities could no longer be maintained.”

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