That Old Devil Dopamine: Not the “Reward” N-transmitter?

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…considerable research has demonstrated that there are empirical problems and conceptual limitations with the traditional DA hypothesis of “reward”…DA neuron activity and DA release occur in response to a variety of conditions, and span multiple timescales from very fast to relatively slow signals.
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“Traumatic events early in life can increase…the risk of developing chronic indigestion and anxiety during adulthood”

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“Traumatic events early in life can increase…the risk of developing chronic indigestion and anxiety during adulthood”

Oh Oh!: “……the smell or taste of food can directly shorten lifespan…”

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The impairment of sensory neurons has been known to delay aging by switching on the action of a well-known anti-aging protein called FOXO. FOXO then turns on the gene’s encoding proteins that protect cells and repair damages in various body parts. … Continue reading

“Visual cortex appears to always have a face beauty detector running, even when we’re not actively judging people’s faces”

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“…the more symmetrical a face, the more people find it attractive.”

“…there are things below our conscious perception that impact how we perceive beauty…”