“If intelligence is good for every environment, we would see a trend in the encephalization quotient among all organisms as a function of time. The data does not show that.”

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The evidence on Earth points to exactly the opposite conclusion. Earth had independent experiments in evolution thanks to continental drift. New Zealand, Madagascar, India, South America… half a dozen experiments over 10, 20, 50, even 100 million years of independent evolution did not produce anything that was more human-like than when it started. So it’s a silly idea to think that species will evolve toward us. Continue reading

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FIRST HUMANS ‘LEFT AFRICA VIA THE SINAI PENINSULA”

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The first modern humans to arrive in Europe and Asia migrated north out of Egypt around 55,000 years ago, according to a study published in May last year.

The study answered a long-standing question about the route early Homo sapiens took when spreading from the African continent.

It also showed most Europeans and Asians living today are more closely related genetically to people living in Egypt than in Ethiopia.

This suggests Egypt was the last stop for people migrating out of Africa 55,000 years ago rather than taking a more southerly route through Ethiopia.

Some scientists believed humans may have travelled from Ethiopia across the Bab el Mandeb strait to the Arabian Peninsula.

However, the latest research suggested a northern route from Egypt, through the Sinai peninsula and then out into Asia and Europe was the most likely route.

Childhood Trauma Kills – Esp Neglect – Even Baboons

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People who experience abuse or neglect during childhood are more likely to develop heart disease, diabetes, and other health problems later in life, even after the stressful events have passed. Continue reading

America HATES Science and REALLY HATES Brain Science

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“Popular science” is an oxymoron.  “Educating” the general public has caused more blowback and threats to science and scientists then helped problem-solving- especially in America.  America loves magic and of course, magic always sells best.  Europeans, South Americans and Asian cultures are a bit more accepting.

How We Really See Scientists

We think of scientists as trustworthy on the whole, but also robotic and emotionless in nature. In addition, some of us — especially social conservatives — view them as prone to ignoring important ethical norms.

So it seems suspicion of scientists is closely related to people’s views about knowledge-seeking in general. While most of us see that as an unabashedly good thing, social conservatives view it as potentially threatening, as it may lead to questioning or disrupting the norms and values that keep society from falling apart.

In other words, many Americans feel there are places where we should not go, and inquiries that are too dangerous to make. Continue reading

All Behavior is Instinctive and Automatic

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“Efference binding links perceptual processing to action/motor processing. This kind of stimulus-response binding is mediated unconsciously in actions such as reflexive pain withdrawal or reflexive inhalation. In learned behavior, efference binding allows one to press a button when presented with an arbitrary cue. Such a form of binding can be learned quickly (e.g., from a few trials of stimulus-response mapping and with little effort. Learned forms of efference binding can be expressed unconsciously.” Continue reading