Strangely, this seems very logical.
Look Like Time Doesn’t Exist. We Made It Up, Of Course. ©®The Daily Galaxy July 29, 2012
Scientists at the Scientific Research Centre Bistra in Ptuj, Slovenia, have theorized that the Newtonian idea of time as an absolute quantity that flows on its own, along with the idea that time is the fourth dimension of spacetime, are incorrect. They propose to replace these concepts of time with a view that corresponds more accurately to the physical world: time as a measure of the numerical order of change.
This is excerpted from Dana Foundation blog:
If Addictions Can Be Treated, Why Aren’t They? – Dana Foundation — Charles P. O’Brien
The reward system is an important part of the brain…(it) is activated when we feel pleasure and it motivates us to work for and to seek out food, sex, water and other rewards.
- It developed early in evolution and is present in modern humans, essentially unchanged from our early ancestors.
- Unfortunately, certain plant products such as opioids or cocaine are, by coincidence, able to fit perfectly into receptors in the reward circuits where they can directly produce a sensation of reward or euphoria.
Normally a sense of pleasure is earned through constructive behaviors and natural drives.
- But even a tiny amount of cocaine can directly activate this same pleasure system without the need for the usual work
- Cocaine’s chemical structure blocks the normal mechanism of the neurotransmitter dopamine
- instead of the nerve cell releasing dopamine and taking it back up again after its signal is sent, cocaine blocks the reuptake of the transmitter, causing continued high stimulation of the reward system.
Dopamine accumulates in the space between nerve cells where signaling occurs (the synapse), and the cocaine effect takes over or “hijacks” the reward system. Other addictive drugs such as alcohol, nicotine, marijuana or opioids also directly activate the reward system through different mechanisms, but the net result is a similar “hijacking.” Continue reading
This is a useful outline of how individuals and institutions denial, pretend and hide from abusive behavior and bullying. We have to accept that this is default human and institutional behavior and the norm. Useful lessons to help build awareness and look out for these behaviors. excerpted from NYT article. Worth reading.
The most senior officials at Penn State had shown a “total and consistent disregard” for the welfare of children, had worked together to actively conceal Mr. Sandusky’s assaults, and had done so for one central reason: fear of bad publicity. That publicity, Mr. Freeh said Thursday, would have hurt the nationally ranked football program, Mr. Paterno’s reputation as a coach of high principles, the Penn State “brand” and the university’s ability to raise money as one of the most respected public institutions in the country.
Abuse Scandal Inquiry Damns Paterno and Penn State by KEN BELSON July 12, 2012
In 1998, officials at Penn State, including its president and its legendary football coach, were aware Jerry Sandusky was being investigated by the university’s police department for possibly molesting two young boys in the football building’s showers. They followed the investigation closely, updating one another along the way. Continue reading